The most common form of diabetes is called Type 2 as opposed to Type 1, called juvenile diabetes because it occurs in young people. Millions of Americans have been diagnosed with type 2 and many undiagnosed diabetics are unaware that they are at risk. More common in African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans and Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders, and the elderly, it affects many and impacts their quality of life.
Two things have been identified as causes: the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. Insulin enables the body to use glucose for energy. When the glucose is not processed by the insulin, it builds up in the blood and brings on diabetes complications.
Many Type 2 Diabetes patients are able to control their blood-sugar levels with medication and diet; however, many must have regular injections of insulin in order to remain stable and avoid diabetic crises, which can be deadly. Because insulin must be injected frequently, most doctors recommend that patients learn to do it themselves.
Hypodermic needles, sometimes called syringes, are used by medical professionals to inject liquid forms of medication or to remove fluids from the body. The barrel is typically plastic or glass with marks for measuring fluid. Most such needles or syringes are plastic nowadays and disposable. Besides being safer, the plastic syringes seal better than glass between the barrel and the piston.
The advantage glass syringes offer is that they are reusable. Glass syringes are rarely reused nowadays, thanks to the low costs associated with producing plastic ones, and there is always the danger of spreading diseases between patients. Intravenous drug users are prone to re-use syringes and thereby often spread HIV and Hepatitis.
The use of insulin syringes by diabetics is another thing. They are typically used by only one person, so the danger of spreading a disease is not a consideration. For diabetics, a standard U-100 insulin syringe is recommended.
Syringes for self injection have special characteristics. For one thing, the needles are shorter since the injections are under the skin instead of into the muscle. They also have finer needles so the pain is not so great. The markings on these special syringes are for insulin units, making it easier to get the right dose.
Insulin syringes, unlike others, can be reloaded from a container after each use. Since cross-infection is not an issue, this convenience is helpful to the insulin injector. An autoinjector is a spring-loaded syringe designed specifically for use by diabetics. The injection is usually into the thigh or buttocks. This is intended to make it easier for the diabetic to overcome a natural resistance or hesitation to self-injection.
The auto injector does not show its needle. It also has a safety device to keep it from firing accidentally. The user presses a button and the needle is inserted automatically and the insulin is delivered. Most auto injectors have a visual indicator so full dosage can be confirmed.
For a full range of supplies for the diabetic, including insulin travel cases, lancing devices, skin prep, test strips, control solution and monitoring systems, visit Vitality Medical’s website. The prices are low at Vitality Medical and patients have the convenience of online ordering with products delivered fast to their own doors.