What is a pessary?

You’ve just had a medical check-up and you got some news that dampened your heart – you have suffered a uterus prolapse. However, you were reassured by your doctor that the fitting of a pessary is a good solution to the problem. The question then is what is a pessary?

Well, simply put, a pessary is a medical device that looks like a ring or diaphragm. There are pharmaceutical pessaries and non-pharmaceutical. They are mostly used in the treatment of prolapses either of the rectum, bladder, uterus or vagina. Other health conditions where the use of a pessary becomes necessary includes but not limited to stress urinary incontinence, rectocele, cystocele and retroverted uterus.

The pessary comes in different forms which include the Oval Pessaries which were originally designed as an alternative to Ring Pessaries in an event where the patient’s vaginal vault is not wide enough. It is also mostly used by women who have undergone any type of vaginal surgery or procedures involving bladder suspension. The ring pessaries are wider than the oval pessaries. When it comes to the treatment of second degree cystocele and prolapse, oval pessaries are mostly recommended.

Donut Pessaries are mainly used in the treatment of third degree prolapse which is a common occurrence in women who are within the menopausal age. They are effectively used to tackle cases of severe rectocele, cystocele and uterine prolapse. They are designed with flexible silicone which allows for compression during insertion.

Cube Pessaries which are recommended by experts in cases of uterine prolapse resulting from child birth is another type of pessaries available. This type of pessary is designed mainly for third degree prolapse, but it can also be effectively used in the treatment of rectocele and cystocele. It comes in various sizes, fitted with a tie for easy removal.

When it comes to the use of the gellhorn pessary, they are mainly manufactured for the purpose of being a support should there be a case of prolapse of the small bowel, uterus, rectum or bladder. It can also serve as support in the case of vaginal vault prolapse. It is easily inserted and the same applies to its removal.

During insertion, the knob folds and when it is in position, it rests on the posterior of the vaginal wall. This particular pessary is designed with drainage holes for the purpose of free passage of fluid. To ensure that the medical needs of women of various sizes and age are taken care of, this device comes in several sizes. It is strongly advised that this pessary be removed before you engage in sexual intercourse.

Apart from those functions of pessaries, pharmaceutical pessaries have additional uses. What is the difference? The difference is, while the other pessaries serve as support for one or more organs of the body, the pharmaceutical pessaries are used solely for the purpose of delivering pharmaceutical substances to a given patient’s body which when delivered, the walls of the rectum or vagina easily absorbs them. A pharmaceutical pessary can also be fitted into the vagina to help guard against any form of infection or inflammation of the walls of the vagina.

Now that you know what a pessary is and most of the basic things about it, you can experience relief from rectum, bladder, uterus or vaginal prolapse, rectocele and cystocele through the use of the pessary that suits your condition. Before your doctor proceeds with the fitting of the pessary, he or she is required to verify the size of pessary that will not be too large or too small for you and this is determined by using the Pessary Fitting Kit.

References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pessary

http://www.hystersisters.com/vb2/article_451160.htm

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