When a person is bedridden for an undefined period of time due to some ailment, their body can become prone to many other afflictions besides the current one. The human body was made for running, jumping, standing and other activities. Being immobile for such a long period can cause the body to experience pressure from the weight of the bones and lead to the development of pressure sores or bed sores.
For someone who is unable to get up and exercise, even for a minimum amount of time, the chances of developing bedsores greatly increases because of the amount of pressure being exerted over soft tissue in places such as the heels, the knees, the elbows, the ribcage, the thighs, the toes, the hips and the tailbone. Pressure on these areas causes the blood supply to be completely or partially cut off causing the tissue to die. If pressure is still exerted on the same spot, the skin will eventually become thinner and thinner until it breaks, often causing an open wound.
Such bedsores are painful and cause the patient considerable pain since they often have to lie or sit on them. With the wound being open, bedsores cause the patient to be susceptible to infections which can lead to the patient suffering from blood poisoning because of germs.
Although bedsores are treatable, they can be very painful for the patients, so it is best to practice methods that can reduce the chances of developing bedsores. One way that the risk can be lowered is by redistributing the weight of the patient with the help of special mattresses. They are usually made of special moldable foam or gel which encompasses the patient’s body in such a way as to properly distribute their weight over the surface.
With the help of the special mattresses coupled with vigilant exercise, bedsores can be kept at bay from the patient. However, the usage of special mattresses as such can only reduce the risk of a patient developing bedsores; it does not mean that the risk has been eliminated.