Category Archives: CPAP

CPAP vs BiPAP

When sleep apnea is diagnosed in a person, there are two modes of treatment available for the patient in the form of the CPAP and the Bipap. However, many patients confuse or misunderstand the two treatments and often think they are one or can be used to treat one ailment. Attention must be paid to the fact that there are different types of sleep apnea that a person can have and based on the doctor’s diagnosis, the patient should select the most suitable form of treatment.

CPAP known as the Continuous Positive Airway Pressure device and the BiPAP – Bi-level Positive Airway Pressure differ from each other in the following ways:

CPAP

CPAP vs BiPAP 1Used for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea, which is the most basic and minor form of sleep apnea. Afflicted patients benefit greatly from the CPAP and its steady flow of air pressure. The CPAP comes equipped with only one air pressure setting and is beneficial for minor sleep apnea patients because the pressure provided props the muscles open which would normally relax while the patient sleeps.

BiPAP

CPAP vs BiPAP 2The BiPAP is useful for patients who are diagnosed with central sleep apnea. This is a more severe case of sleep apnea which the CPAP treatment is unsuitable for. While the minor forms of sleep apnea are caused by muscular relaxation, the more severe cases are due to the fact that the brain forgets to regulate and activate the muscles to breathe for a brief period. The BiPAP can also be used for the treatment of other problems related to respiratory issues or for patients who have not shown any response towards the CPAP treatment. The BiPAP is also able to provide two levels of air pressure as compared to the CPAP. Hence the name Bipap: Two Positive Airway Pressures.

However, the downside to CPAP treatment is the fact that it comes in the form of a face mask or a nasal mask that a patient must wear when going to bed. Patients often cannot tolerate the masks and therefore respond poorly to the treatment. Among the list of complaints, the patients may also suffer minor side effects like bloating of the stomach, headaches, runny noses, headaches, nasal congestion and skin irritations. Patients suffering from claustrophobia or anxiety attacks may also not respond well as the restrictive mask might cause them more distress.

Similarly, the BiPAP treatment is also administered with the help of a nasal mask or a face mask but it is considered more comfortable as compared to the CPAPs headgear. The BiPAP treatment shares the same side effects as the CPAP.

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How Does a CPAP Work

The CPAP – Continuous Positive Airway Pressure is a machine that provides what is considered as therapy treatment for people who suffer from OSA – Obstructive Sleep Apnea. The device allows people afflicted with the condition, to sleep properly throughout the night. To understand the workings of a CPAP, we need to understand what Sleep Apnea actually is.

How Does a CPAP WorkSleep Apnea is the condition when the muscles around the throat and tongue are relaxed when a person is sleeping. The muscles relax to such a degree that the condition causes a blockage which prevents oxygen from flowing into a person’s lungs. This relaxation of the muscles can make a person more prone to and suffer greater damage, if they are ever struck with a stroke, a heart attack or have high blood pressure. The tissues relax to such a degree that the condition can cause a great amount of stress on the blood pressure, the heart and the lungs.

The CPAP was designed specifically to help anyone with Obstructive Sleep Apnea. CPAP is the only medical treatment device of Sleep Apnea that doesn’t involve surgery. The device consists of a mask providing nose and mouth coverage attached to pump machine which regulates the flow of oxygen in your body and reduces or removes the affects of the Sleep Apnea.

How Does a CPAP Work 1The CPAP functions through sending a steady flow of gentle air way to support and prop and keep open the sufferer’s airway while they sleep peacefully. The CPAP does not only reduce the risk of a stroke, blood pressure and the strain on the heart and lungs, the device also eliminates snoring and provides the person with a fresh supply of oxygen.

Most patients can vouch for the effectiveness of the CPAP treatment and many started feeling more energetic and free of symptoms of Sleep Apnea among which is daytime sleepiness. However, Sleep Apnea is a difficult condition to diagnose and doctors all over consider it to be one of the leading reasons for heart related problems. Sometimes, the disease left on its own and untreated can wreak a great amount of havoc on the person.

What is a CPAP?

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure or CPAP therapy is a part of obstructive sleep apnea treatments, and allows a person to breathe without any difficulties during his sleep. In obstructive sleep apnea, air flow is obstructed in a person’s throat. A CPAP machine maintains a higher air pressure in the throat so that air can flow easily.

CPAP Equipment

A CPAP system comprises of a CPAP machine, a CPAP mask and a hose. The hose connects the machine and mask. A CPAP mask is of three types; the first type covers both the nose and throat, the second type covers only the nose and the third type is prongs which can be fixed inside the nose.

Reasons for Using CPAP Therapy

CPAP is one of the most effective sleep apnea treatments, and is usually the first one to be carried out. It can be used as a cure even if the person has severe sleep apnea. It can also be used for individuals suffering from coronary artery disease (CAD).

Effects

  • Daytime sleepiness in decreased.
  • Some people might experience a lower blood pressure.
  • Chances of cardiac problems are reduced.

Risks

  • A person might have nightmares or excessive dreaming in the beginning.
  • The nose may become dry and the throat may become sore.
  • Irritation may develop on the face.
  • A person may suffer from abdominal bloating

Other Similar Machines

There are many other devices similar to a CPAP machine such as an APAP machine or BIPAP machine. A CPAP machine maintains a continuous and constant pressure. An Automatic Positive Airway Pressure or APAP machine adjusts the pressure, and increases it only when a person is experiencing apnea. A Bi-level Positive Airway Pressure or BIPAP machine changes the pressure during inhalation and exhalation, and increases it during apnea.

Living with Sleep Apnea

Living with Sleep ApneaSleep apnea is a condition in which a sleeper stops breathing for more than ten seconds several dozen to a few hundred times a night. This sleep disorder is an increasingly common problem for adults trying to find restful sleep. In obstructive sleep apnea, the most common form of oxygen sleep apnea, the airway is partially to fully blocked during the night leaving the sleeper struggling for air, which will arouse them from a deep sleep and can even fully awake them.If you suffer from sleep apnea, it is may be hard for you to stay asleep through the night. You may wake up still feeling tired and with a sore throat and dry mouth. Your partner may be complaining about your loud snoring. Your partner might also have noticed that you stop breathing during the night, even though you don’t remember or know about these episodes. Sleep apnea leads to daytime sleepiness, which can make you more prone to accidents. Aside from potential accidents and tiredness, long-term sleep apnea can put you at risk of other severe medical conditions like cardiovascular disease, stroke, high blood pressure, arrhythmia, and diabetes1.

The risk factors for sleep apnea include if you overweight or obese, if your throat muscles and tongue relax excessively, if your tonsils and adenoids are larger than normal, or if the bones in your head and neck are disproportionate to the size of the mouth and throat. Talk to your doctor, if you think you might be suffering from sleep apnea. To know for sure, you may have to sleep one night in a special sleep lab, where your breathing and brain activity during your sleep will be monitored.

Are there any sleep apnea remedies? If you have sleep apnea, there are options for you. While enlarged tonsils might need to be removed surgically, there are also ways to deal with sleep apnea that don’t involve surgery. Certain dental devices, similar to the mouth guards that are worn by athletes, can align your jaw to allow more air through the nasal passages and throat. The disadvantage of these devices is that they are uncomfortable to wear and can leave you with a sore jaw in the morning.

A very common sleep apnea remedy is the use of oxygen CPAP or CPAP machines. CPAP stands for continuous positive airway pressure. A CPAP system is basically a very quiet air compressor that blows air into the nasal passages and throat, keeping the airway open through the night. Breathing CPAP machines can be obtained with three different kinds of sleep apnea masks or CPAP masks. The first CPAP mask option is a CPAP full face mask for people who tend to breathe through the mouth, as it covers both nose and mouth. Another CPAP mask option is a less bulky CPAP nasal mask that only covers the nose. Finally, the last CPAP mask option is for people who feel claustrophobic wearing a mask. These types of CPAP masks are called CPAP pillows, which are inserted into the nose holes. Using pillows sleep apnea devices provide a bit more freedom of movement while in bed. Since CPAP nasal pillows can be irritating, they should not be used by people with sensitive nasal passages.

Respironics Total Face Mask with Headgear

Other CPAP options for treating sleep apnea and sleep disorders include BiPAP machines, iDPAP machines, and VPAP machines. A BiPAP machine provides two different pressures. Higher amounts of pressure are applied when the patient is inhaling, while lower pressure is used when they exhale. Both the CPAP and BiPAP machines do well for treating mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea; however, the BiPAP machines are better for severe obstructive sleep apnea.

VPAP machines are also better for severe obstructive sleep apnea. A VPAP machines provides variable pressures matching the high and low pressures cycles so that you do not fall out-of-sync with the sleep apnea machine. With an iDPAP Machine, the breathing machine slowly ramps up to a prescribed pressure, allows patients to comfortably get to sleep and most importantly–stay asleep.

Another important therapy CPAP option is available to help combat the irritation some experience using sleep apnea therapy for extended periods. This option employs a heated humidifier CPAP machine. This oxygen sleep apnea device generates moisture through heat. This process reduces dryness and irritation to lungs and breathing passages due to lack of moisture. These CPAP humidifiers or humidified CPAP systems have provided relief for many sleep apnea patients. Several CPAP machines can be adapted with CPAP humidifier chambers.

Respironics RemStar M Series with Humidifier

CPAP machines and CPAP supplies can be purchased from Vitality Medical at the following link: Vitality Medical CPAP .CPAP medical supplies on this site are at discounted prices and many items at this CPAP store are at wholesale pricing. This online CPAP store provides Discount CPAP Machines, including travel CPAP machines. On this medical supplies web site is also a host of useful information about how to stop sleep apnea problems, sleep apnea cures and information about the different options for CPAP machines.

You do not need to suffer through daytime sleepiness or constant fatigue any longer nor worry about your health. Give your partner rest from your snoring, by talking to your doctor about sleep apnea. Both your health and your partners’ night time peace are worth it.

Resources

WikipediaSleep Apnea